What You Should Know About Ecuador Property Laws


ecuador property

Real estate in Ecuador is safe from a legal point of view. Ecuador property laws are clearly written and constitutionally guaranteed. If you’re thinking of living overseas, Ecuador is a great choice.

Anyone can purchase Ecuador property. You can arrive in the country and buy real estate the same day, using your passport. Ecuador’s constitution guarantees the right to purchase and hold property for everyone, citizens and foreigners.

Financing Options

Financing is available. Its constitution grants free access to the banking & credit market to locals and foreigners, as it grants the free right to own property.

Political Stability

In 2006, the people of Ecuador elected Rafael Correa.

A former university professor with a doctorate in economics from the University of Illinois, Correa has put Ecuador on the path to a sound economy for the future.

Ecuador’s government publicly welcomes foreign investment and offers an open foreign-investment regime. The constitution gives foreign investment the same rights and treatment as national investment.

Taxes, Fees & Closing Costs

The buyer pays almost all costs in a property transaction. The seller must prove that the property taxes, utility bills, and any building maintenance fees are current, and may owe capital gains tax on the sale, but the buyer pays for everything else.

Costs typically include:

• Legal fees for drafting the contract and performing the title search
• Notary fees
• Translation of documents and translator at signing (this is a legal requirement if the buyer doesn’t speak Spanish)
• Transfer and registration taxes
• Realtor’s commission

While it is hard to generalize, as every transaction is different – typically the agents commission is 3%-5% of the agreed up price, and all other costs (legal fees and taxes) are typically between $750 and $1,500 for a regular condo or house purchase.

Economy

In 2000, Ecuador adopted the US dollar as its official currency. This decision, without a doubt, saved the Ecuadorian economy.

The dollarization has helped build a strong middle-class. The growing middle-class has led to a housing boom in the major cities. The number of higher end apartment buildings under construction or recently completed is astounding, and in Cuenca, well over 90% of these luxury condos are purchased by locals.

Major industries and exports are oil, mining, textiles, metal work, chemical production, fishing, lumber, bananas, coffee, cacao, rice, shrimp, sugarcane, sheep, beef, pork, and dairy.

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